Canada − U.S. Tax Treaty
The application of Canadian income tax in accordance with the Act is subject to the provisions of any tax treaty entered into between Canada and another country or jurisdiction. Canada has entered into many tax treaties and a complete list of the tax treaties in force is available on the Department of Finance Canada website (see http://www.fin.gc.ca/treaties-conventions/treatystatus_-eng.asp).
The purpose of the Treaty (and all other tax treaties) is to prevent the double taxation of income which arises because each country asserts its authority to tax its residents, as well as any income derived by non-residents, from sources within the country. Like other tax treaties, the Treaty generally recognizes a country’s prerogative to tax its own residents and minimizes the incidence of double taxation by limiting the source country’s jurisdiction to tax the residents of the other country.
Additional posts from the blog
Last week the Canadian Government introduced amendments to the Investment Canada Act (ICA) to implement its revised policy towards state-owned enterprises (SOEs) which it announced in December last year. At that time, while it approved the acquisition by Chinese SOE, CNOOC, of Canadian oil and gas company, Nexen, the Government announced its intention to prohibit acquisitions of control of Canadian oil sands businesses by SOEs except on an exceptional basis. It also stated that joint ventures and minority investments were welcome. In addition, the government indicated it would closely monitor SOE acquisitions in other sectors of the economy and would distinguish between SOE and non-SOE investments when setting the ICA review threshold. (See Focus on Foreign Investment Review, December 2012)
The Autorité des marchés financiers Proposes An Alternative Approach to Securities Regulators Intervention in Defensive Tactics
On March 14, 2013, the Autorité des marchés financiers (“AMF”) published for comments a consultation paper (the “AMF Proposal”) pertaining to defensive tactics in response to take-over bids. This consultation is taking place concurrently with the one launched the same day by the Canadian Securities Administrator (“CSA”) with the release of proposed National Instrument 62-105 Security Holder Rights Plans and proposed Companion Policy 62-105CP Security Holder Rights Plans (collectively, “62-105”). Unlike the CSA’s 62-105, the AMF Proposal addresses all defensive tacticsii, not only security holders rights plans.
The Canadian Securities Administrators published for comment a proposed new regulatory framework for rights plans under proposed National Instrument 62-105 Security Holder Rights Plans and proposed Companion Policy 62-105CP Security Holder Rights Plans (collectively, “62-105”). If adopted, 62-105 would provide issuers with a game changing tool to respond to hostile take-over bids, where a target board will be able to use a rights plan as leverage to negotiate with a potential bidder.